Italian Court Takes Parental Rights Away from Parents via Surrogacy

In a case that has shocked many here in the United States, the Italian Supreme Court has stripped a couple of their parental rights over their child born via surrogacy. As we all know surrogacy is illegal in Italy, regardless of where the child is born. In this case, when the parents attempted to register their child born in the Ukraine without a mother being listed on the birth certificate, they were denied. A court case followed, and that court has decided that the child must be put up for adoption.

According to the news source AFP:

The couple from northern Italy, both in their fifties and infertile, had been turned down three times in their bid to adopt a child before they turned to surrogacy.

They paid 25,000 euros ($31,150) to a surrogate mother in Ukraine, who refused to give her name when the baby was born in 2011, leaving the birth certificate blank.

When the couple returned to Italy and tried to register the boy at the registry office, they were charged with fraud, La Stampa daily said, without providing details on how the would-be parents were found out.

Despite a request from the prosecution to leave the child in the Italian couple s care, the court decided that the "child of no-one" — whose mother cannot be traced — must be put up for adoption.

The ultimate lesson here is that surrogacy is not something to take lightly without making certain you cover all of your bases when returning home with your child. Had this couple came here to California for surrogacy, they would have had their own names placed directly on their child’s birth certificate. In that situation this story would have likely ended much differently than what these parents are now dealing with at home.

Links:

http://dunyanews.tv/index.php/en/Crime/244962-Italy-couple-cannot-keep-child-born-to-surrogate-m

Keywords: surrogacy, surrogate, Ukraine surrogacy, Italian surrogacy, parental rights, surrogate mother, gestational surrogate, California surrogacy, child via surrogacy

Hawaii, a la vanguardia de la legislación

Bien, ya es hora: ¿debería California y el resto del país dar un paso adelante y seguir la reciente enmienda legislativa realizada en Hawaii a comienzos de este año?

Mientras que se reconoce que la infertilidad es de hecho una discapacidad, los legisladores han presentado nuevas leyes que proporcionan una mayor cobertura para las mujeres a las que se les ha diagnosticado infertilidad, mientras que también eliminan muchos requisitos limitantes estipulados en una ley anterior. Si bien Hawaii ha proporcionado cobertura en IVF por un ciclo desde 1987, el resultado ha hecho que muchos se abstuvieran de hacer uso de ella, ya que incluía características tales como una espera de cinco años: sí, cinco años. Los legisladores, aparentemente, se han percatado de que esta larga espera no ayuda a nadie: de hecho, una espera de cinco años puede ser una sentencia de muerte para la fertilidad de una mujer.

Aquí está el propósito detrás de la Ley misma:

“El propósito de esta Ley es proporcionar un seguro que cubra la fertilización in vitro de forma igualitaria para aquellas mujeres a las que se les ha diagnosticado infertilidad, exigiendo cobertura no discriminatoria y asegurando la calidad de la atención en el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la infertilidad”.

Palabras clave

IVF, donación de óvulos, ciclo IVF, infertilidad, fertilidad, médico IVF, doctor IVF, Senado Estatal de Hawaii, ASRM

Enlaces

http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/session2014/bills/SB2909_SD1_.pdf

http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/measure_indiv.aspx?billtype=HB&billnumber=2355&year=2014

El alquiler de vientres internacional sufre otro golpe

Un informe sobre otro niño abandonado está fomentando el debate en Australia y, al parecer, la Alta Comisión de Australia en Nueva Delhi era consciente de la situación.

El noticiero ABC News ha presentado novedades sobre el caso, que se remonta a 2012, y que ha creado un revuelo de oficiales llamando a una encuesta nacional sobre el alquiler de vientres a escala internacional.

“Una investigación conjunta entre ABC News y Foreign Correspondent puede revelar que el caso involucra a dos gemelos nacidos en India de un vientre alquilado por australianos, los cuales lo habrían obtenido a través de una agencia de alquiler de vientres”.

La Presidente del Tribunal Bryant establece que oficiales del consulado han revelado que existían presiones desde Australia para que les proporcionaran una visa que les permitiera traer de regreso a uno de los bebés a su país ya que los padres sustitutos no deseaban ambos bebés.

“Tengo entendido que la elección del bebé se basaba en su género.”

El caso sale a la luz luego de que los medios realizaran una historia similar en agosto de este mismo año sobre el bebé conocido como “Gammy”, un niño con Síndrome de Down que había sido abandonado en Tailandia por sus padres australianos.

El Juez Principal de la Corte del Circuito Federal, John Pascoe, ha llamado a un estudio nacional sobre el alquiler de vientres.

Enlaces:

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-10-08/high-commission-knew-of-surrogacy-case-in-india/5799438

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-12/advocates-call-for-commercial-surrogacy-to-be-legalised/5666206

Palabras clave:

Baby Gammy, alquiler de vientres en Tailandia, alquiler de vientres en la India, alquiler de vientres en Australia, madre sustituta, alquiler de vientres, madre de alquiler, padres sustitutos.

Adiós a la India, adiós a Tailandia: México, ¿es el nuevo lugar para los vientres de alquiler?

Mientras aquellos que buscan ser padres se debaten entre las opciones de Tailandia y la India (debido a que los costos en los Estados Unidos son muy altos para muchos), México está dando un paso adelante. Con su hermoso clima y sus leyes laxas, específicamente en Tabasco, donde la utilización, con fines altruistas de vientres de alquiler para la gestación ha sido legal desde 1998. Ahora, los padres se están aventurando a las tierras de nuestros vecinos del sur.

Desafortunadamente, las leyes en México no son tan estrictas como lo son aquí en el estado de California. Y, de acuerdo a los artículos aparecidos en The Guardian y Bioedge, esta falta de leyes y regulaciones hace que esta área sea propicia para el fraude y el engaño. Entonces, ¿qué deberíamos hacer? Bien, honestamente, nadie debería considerar jamás formar su familia en un área legal gris donde hay tanto en riesgo. Sin embargo, si realizas tus deberes y te reúnes con un abogado especializado en esta área legal única que es la de la reproducción y que tenga conocimiento de la ley mexicana, pueden trabajar en conjunto para reducir las probabilidades de poner todo en riesgo al formar tu familia.

Palabras clave

Vientre de alquiler, sustituto, sustituto de gestación, abogado especializado en reproducción, abogado especializado en alquiler de vientres, sustitución para la gestación

 

Enlaces

Actor Jason Patric Declared Legal Parent of Child Created via Sperm Donation by California Court

In what has been a two-year battle for actor Jason Patric, he has now been declared the legal father of his son, Gus, who was born to Patric’s ex Danielle Schreiber using his sperm donation.

In fact, the case has a long interesting history:

In February 2013, the actor lost a court battle to gain visitation rights with Gus under a California law that grants the mother full custody in the absence of a written agreement establishing parental rights before conception.

And, at that time, Patric was denied any custody or visitation of his son.

Back in May, California appeals court judge Thomas Willhite said that the presumption against in-vitro fathers shouldn’t be ‘so categorical,’ and that the family law code ‘does not preclude a donor from establishing that he is a presumed father’.

Patric and Schreiber, who had dated off and on for about 10 years, split for good in June 2012 – 19 months after Gus was born.

He filed a paternity claim shortly thereafter.

The actor has been forbidden by Schreiber, who currently is the sole legal parent, from seeing Gus for more than a year. Patric is now seeking full custody of little Gus in a high-profile case that has raised serious questions about the parental rights of sperm donors.

Glad to see the court get this one right and secure his rights as a father.

Links:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2819881/Jason-Patric-declared-legal-parent-four-year-old-son-conceived-vitro-ex-girlfriend-following-two-year-court-battle.html

Keywords: sperm donation, sperm donor, sperm donation laws, Jason Patric, Gus, Danielle Schreiber, California Family Code

U.S. Immigration Policy FINALLY Catches Up with Assisted Reproductive Technology

As reported in the National Law Review, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has just issued a new policy, clarifying the definition of “mother” and “parent” under the Immigration and Nationality Act, to include a gestational mother who (a) gave birth to the child and (b) was the child’s legal mother at the time of birth under the law of the jurisdiction where the child was born.

This development is a huge relief to those parents whose children, whether via a gestational carrier or an egg or sperm donor, are born overseas. No longer will they have to be concerned about being denied US citizenship for their children as was done in the past, despite the parents being US citizens themselves.

In fact, the article continues to explain the hardship previously dealt with by these parents:

U.S. law requires a U.S. citizen parent to have a biological connection to a child in order to transmit U.S. citizenship to the child at birth. In the context of ART, a father or mother must prove that they are the genetic parent of the child. This can be proved by DNA testing after the baby is born. The new policy expands the definition of “mother” to include a gestational and legal mother of the child at the time and place of the child’s birth (in addition to a genetic mother).

Until this policy was put in place, occasionally children born abroad pursuant to ART became stateless. This is because some foreign fertility clinics have on occasion substituted alternate donor sperm and eggs for the U.S. parents’ genetic material, either purposefully when the U.S. citizen’s genetic material became non-viable, or accidentally, due to errors in the lab. Tragically, sometimes the parents did not learn about these “switches” until they obtained DNA test results after the child’s birth.

Links:

http://www.natlawreview.com/article/us-immigration-policy-catches-assisted-reproductive-technology

http://www.uscis.gov/

Keywords: surrogate mother, surrogacy, surrogate, intended parents, surrogacy laws, surrogacy agreement, gestational surrogacy, US immigration law, USCIS, egg donor, egg donation, gestational carrier